Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the Publisher. The Editors reserve the right to edit or otherwise alter all contributions, but authors will receive proofs for approval before publication.

    All manuscripts should be prepared using Microsoft Word in .docx.



    The manuscript should be written in English or Malay.


    Length of paper

    Between 5000-8000 words.


    General Rules for Text

    Please use the following rules for whole text, including abstract, keywords, heading and references.

    Font: Century Gothic ; Size: 9

    Line Spacing: (9 pt blank line)

    Heading 1: Century Gothic; Size-9; Bold; for example,

    1. Introduction

    Sub Heading 2: Century Gothic; Size-9; Italic: Bold; for example,

    Research Methods

    #Failure to adhere to the manuscript guidelines may cause desk rejection without further review

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