Preparation of Text

     

    Abstract
    A concise and factual abstract is required (maximum length of 150 words). The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separate from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. References should therefore be avoided.

    Keywords
    Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 8 keywords, avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of'). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible.

    Subdivision of the article
    Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1., 2., (then 1.1, 1.1.1, 1.1.2), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to 'the text.' Any subsection, ideally, should not be more than 600 words. Authors are urged to write as concisely as possible, but not at the expense of clarity.

    Figure legends, figures, schemes
    Present these, in this order, at the end of the article. They are described in more detail below. High-resolution graphic files must always be provided separate from the main text file.

    Tables
    Present tables, at the end of the article. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. Place description to tables below the table body.

    Formula
    The text size of formula should be similar with normal text size.

    Copyright ©2011 Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) Cawangan Kedah